Referee Bill Vinovich will lead the seven-person crew of game officials selected to work Super Bowl XLIX on Sunday, Feb. 1 at University of Phoenix Stadium, the NFL announced Tuesday.
The other members of the Super Bowl XLIX officiating crew are Bill Schuster (umpire), Dana McKenzie (head linesman), Mark Perlman (line judge), Bob Waggoner (field judge), Tom Hill (side judge) and Terrence Miles (back judge). Collectively, the Super Bowl XLIX officiating crew has 86 years of NFL officiating experience and 59 combined playoff game assignments.
Vinovich, in his ninth season as an NFL game official, entered the league in 2001 as a side judge and was promoted to referee in 2004. He has officiated five playoff games, including three divisional playoffs. He was the alternate referee for Super Bowl XLVII.
Under the NFL officiating program's evaluation system, officials must be rated in the top tier at their position to be eligible for the Super Bowl. They must have at least five years of NFL experience and previous playoff assignments.
Mike Wimmer is the replay official. The replay assistant is Terry Poulos.
Vinovich, Schuster, McKenzie and Miles are officiating in their first Super Bowl. This will be Perlman's third Super Bowl. He previously worked Super Bowls XL and XLIII. Perlman, Hill, and Waggoner officiated in Super Bowl XL.
» Referee:Bill Vinovich; nine NFL seasons; five career playoff games; No. 52
» Umpire:Bill Schuster; 15 NFL seasons; eight career playoff games; No. 129
» Head linesman:Dana McKenzie; seven NFL seasons; four career playoff games; No. 8
» Line judge:Mark Perlman; 14 NFL seasons; 15 career playoff games; No. 9
» Field judge:Bob Waggoner; 18 NFL seasons; 11 career playoff games; No. 25
» Side judge:Tom Hill; 16 NFL seasons; 13 career playoff games; No. 97
» Back judge:Terrence Miles; seven NFL seasons; three career playoff games; No. 111
The Super Bowl officials are the officials chosen for the Super Bowl, the championship game of the National Football League (NFL), the largest and most prestigious professional American footballleague.
The NFL's highest-rated official at each position is selected to work the Super Bowl. This is determined by the league using an evaluation system to grade each official's calls during the year. However, only officials who have worked in the league for at least five seasons and have previously worked during the playoffs are eligible to officiate in a Super Bowl. A referee cannot work the Super Bowl at that position until he has been a referee for at least three seasons, while also meeting the five-year minimum service requirement.
This has not always been the case. From Super Bowl I to Super Bowl IV, when the game was the "AFL (American Football League)-NFL World Championship Game", the officiating crews consisted of members from both leagues. Then for Super Bowl XXXVIII and Super Bowl XXXIX, the NFL selected the highest rated crew during the regular season. This was a reaction to several officiating mistakes during the 2002-03 playoffs, and the league felt that preserving the familiarity and cohesiveness of the officiating crews during the postseason might reduce the errors.
List of officials
Note: A seven-official system was not used until Super Bowl XIII. Beginning with Super Bowl XXXIII, the league swapped position titles with the field judge and back judge.
AFL-NFL World Championships
Number of appearances
Throughout NFL history, five officials have been selected to work five Super Bowls and eight have been assigned to four Super Bowls. Jerry Markbreit is the only official to work four Super Bowls as the referee.
|Bob Beeks||XIV, XVI, XVIII, XXI, XXIII|
|Ron Botchan||XX, XXVII, XXIX, XXXI, XXXIV|
|Jack Fette||V, VIII, X, XIII, XXII|
|Al Jury||XX, XXII, XXIV, XXVIII, XXXIV|
|Tom Kelleher||IV, VII, XI, XV, XIX|
|Al Conway||IX, XIV, XVI, XXII|
|Art Demmas||XIII, XVII, XXV, XXVII|
|Fritz Graf||V, VIII, XV, XVIII|
|Stan Javie||II, VIII, X, XIV|
|Jerry Markbreit||XVII, XXI, XXVI, XXIX|
|Tony Veteri||II, VII, XII, XV|
|Jerry Bergman||XIII, XVI, XVIII, XXIII|
|Carl Paganelli||XXXIX, XLI, XLVI, XLVIII|
Notes and references
- Super Bowl Notes, Quotes & Anecdotes: Games I-XL. NFL. 2006. p. 123.